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How to activate the busy animation in the status bar?

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How to activate the busy animation in the status bar?

aznan
Hi!

I've tried to figure out how to activate/deactivate the spinning circle down next to the progress bar that is created when you make a new swing application. I've studied the MarsRover example but have been unable to find the right solution. I suppose it has something to do with changing some property of something and/or sending some message or other...? :P



Can you please help me out with this?




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Re: How to activate the busy animation in the status bar?

Daniel Lüdecke-2
This is indeed somewhat tricky to find it out... I have understood at  
least some basics, and will try to explain it.

These animations are controlled by a background task. Background tasks  
should be used when time consuming tasks are made, which should not  
"freeze" the apllication. So a background task runs in the background,  
and is firing messages every now and then, while the main programming  
is still running and reacting. You can observe the task messages via a  
taskmonitor and than e.g. make changes to GUI components, like in this  
case the animated label (circling icon).

First of all, here is how a task is started. One way to do this is via  
actions (right click on a component and choose "set action"). Then you  
could start a task like this:

     @Action
     public Task myTask() {
         return new  
ThisIsMyTask
(org
.jdesktop.application.Application.getInstance(yourappsnamehere.class));
     }

The above sample shows how to start a task via an action, e.g.  
pressing a button. But you can also start a task manually, out of your  
application, without user interaction. I recently asked this question  
in this list and got following perfectly working answer:

        Task mT = myTask();
        ApplicationContext appC = Application.getInstance().getContext();
         TaskMonitor tM = appC.getTaskMonitor();
         TaskService tS = appC.getTaskService();
         tS.execute(mT);
         tM.setForegroundTask(mT);

This starts the task manually, by referring to the method shown in the  
first sample above. So, you have to have this method anyway, as far as  
I understood, but not necessarily declared as "action".


Now, the Task class itself looks like the following:

     private class ThisIsMyTask extends  
org.jdesktop.application.Task<Object, Void> {
         ThisIsMyTask(org.jdesktop.application.Application app) {
             super(app);

         }

Furthermore, this class has some overidden methods. The most important  
one ist "doInBackground()". This method contains the time consuming  
source code, which runs in the background, while the "main  
application" can still do other things (even waiting, e.g.).

         @Override protected Object doInBackground() throws  
IOException {
                // your heavy code here
                return null;
        }

Two more useful methods are "succeeded" and "finished". succeeded is  
called, when the task has been successfully completed. Finished is  
called afterwards - but it is also called, when the task is "finished"  
by a cancel action for instance.

         @Override protected void succeeded(Object result) {
                // what should happen if task was successfully completed?
                // insert here
         }

         @Override
         protected void finished()
         {
                // when the task is finished, enter your code here. this method is  
even called, when
                // a task was cancelled - if I understood right
             super.finished();
         }


Now, these are the tasks basics. Now to the animated cycling icon.

First of all, you have to store the single icons from the animations  
in an array. this is what you find in the samples from NetBeans:

         // initiate animated busy-icons, which are animated when the  
thread is running
         int busyAnimationRate =  
resourceMap.getInteger("StatusBar.busyAnimationRate");
         for (int i = 0; i < busyIcons.length; i++) {
             busyIcons[i] = resourceMap.getIcon("StatusBar.busyIcons["  
+ i + "]");
         }

Than you have to create a timer, which will start the animation once  
this timer is started. By creating this timer, it is not automatically  
running, just initiated...

         // and create a busy-icon-timer
         busyIconTimer = new Timer(busyAnimationRate, new  
ActionListener() {
             @Override
             public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
                 busyIconIndex = (busyIconIndex + 1) % busyIcons.length;
                 statusAnimationLabel.setIcon(busyIcons[busyIconIndex]);
             }
         });


The following lines just set the icon to the statusAnimationLabel (the  
one which show the cycling icon respectively a light grey one if  
nothing happens)

         // initiate the idle icon and make it visible
         idleIcon = resourceMap.getIcon("StatusBar.idleIcon");
         statusAnimationLabel.setIcon(idleIcon);
         progressBar.setVisible(false);


Now you have to create a task monitor, which observes the task. If I  
understood correctly, it is observing the current foreground task, so  
it might get in conflict with several background tasks at the same  
time - BUT I'M NOT SURE WITH THIS!

         // connecting action tasks to status bar via TaskMonitor
         TaskMonitor taskMonitor = new  
TaskMonitor
(org
.jdesktop
.application.Application.getInstance(yourapp.class).getContext());

         taskMonitor.addPropertyChangeListener(new  
java.beans.PropertyChangeListener() {
             @Override
             public void propertyChange(java.beans.PropertyChangeEvent  
evt) {
                 String propertyName = evt.getPropertyName();


And now come the events or messages which are fired by the background  
tasks. Here you decide, *what* should be done in such a case.

If I understood correctly, the "start" message is automatically fired  
by the task. So everything here will be done automatically when the  
background thread starts. In this case, the timer of the cycling icon  
is started, i.e. the icon is animated, and the progressbar is made  
visible (but not animated! there is no timer for the progressbar, it  
is just made visible; we come back to this later)

                 // when a background thread starts, start the busy  
icon animation
                 if ("started".equals(propertyName)) {
                     if (!busyIconTimer.isRunning()) {
                         statusAnimationLabel.setIcon(busyIcons[0]);
                         busyIconIndex = 0;
                         busyIconTimer.start();
                     }
                     // and make the progressbar visible
                     progressBar.setVisible(true);
                     progressBar.setIndeterminate(true);


On the opposite, when the task is done, the "done" message is  
automatically fired. Accordingly, here the cycling icon timer is  
stopped and the progressbar is hidden

                 // when the thread finished working, stop animation,  
set idle icon
                 // and hide the progress bar
                 } else if ("done".equals(propertyName)) {
                     busyIconTimer.stop();
                     statusAnimationLabel.setIcon(idleIcon);
                     progressBar.setVisible(false);
                     progressBar.setValue(0);

Now here comes a message which can be fired by your application, that  
means you can let this event happen. for instance, you can tell the  
task monitor out of your background task(!) that it is proceeding,  
i.e. firing a "progress" message. when the task monitor gets this  
message from your background task, you can insert your code here what  
should be done. typically, the progressbar is animated.

                 // if a progress was indicated during the thread  
using the
                 // "setProgress(value,min,max)" method, we can change  
the state
                 // of the progress bar here.
                 } else if ("progress".equals(propertyName)) {
                     int value = (Integer)(evt.getNewValue());
                     progressBar.setVisible(true);
                     progressBar.setIndeterminate(false);
                     progressBar.setValue(value);
                 }
             }
         });
     }
}


As you see, we have to important components here: statusAnimationLabel  
and progressBar. I don't use the statusMessageLabel, so it's missing  
here.

Now, once the background task is started (see very above), the icon is  
automatically animated, because we have started a timer which is  
responsible for the animation. but: the progressbar is only "animated"  
when we fire a progress event, which does not occur automatically -  
unlike "start" and "done" events/messages.

The "progress" event/message for the taskmonitor is simply fired when  
invoking the "setProgress" method!

This is what you could put in your doInBackground-Method in your task.  
Here's an example for loading a file and animating the progressbar  
which show the process of the amount of loaded bytes:

        // length of file
             final long l = filepath.length();
        // length of file in kilobytes
             final long kbl = l / 1024;
        // counter for progbar
             long counter = 0;

             fr = new FileReader(filepath);
             buffer = new StringBuffer("");

                         for (int c; (c=fr.read()) != -1;) {
                             // append the bytes to the buffer
                             buffer.append((char)c);
                             // increase the counter for the progress  
bar
                             counter++;
                        // this method fires the "progress" event/message for the task  
monitor
                             setProgress(counter/1024,0,kbl);


that's it. all your time consuming stuff should be put into the  
doInBackground method. If you like, you can animate a progress bar, if  
you don't do this, you just have the cycling icon.

Now, since the initialization of the animated icons and progressbar  
needs known GUI components, usually all the init stuff is included in  
that class that contains also the components (statusMessageLabel,  
progressBar). But since I'm writing a desktop application which uses  
several forms with background tasks, I simply created an "task monitor  
initialisation class". Whenever I have a form which needs background  
tasks, I simply pass the JLabel (statusAnimationLabel) and  
JProgressBar (progressbar) as parameters to the constructor:

         CInitStatusBar isb = new  
CInitStatusBar( statusAnimationLabel, progressBar );

Now I only need to write my Task Class and start the task via an  
action or manually. But I don't need to have the init stuff also  
included.

Here's the complete class with the "externalised" taskmonitor-init:

public class CInitStatusBar {

     private final Timer busyIconTimer;
     private final Icon idleIcon;
     private final Icon[] busyIcons = new Icon[15];
     private int busyIconIndex = 0;

     org.jdesktop.application.ResourceMap resourceMap =  
org
.jdesktop
.application
.Application
.getInstance
(zettelkasten
.ZettelkastenApp
.class).getContext().getResourceMap(ZettelkastenView.class);

     /**
      * Initiates the status bar for background tasks.
      * Catches messages from the doInBackground task
      * and changes the progressbar state, the busy icon animation
      * and - if necessary - the status message.
      */
     CInitStatusBar( final javax.swing.JLabel statusAnimationLabel,
                     final javax.swing.JProgressBar progressBar ) {
         /**
          * This is pre-defined code taken from the NetBeans IDE
          * Initiates some basic things for background tasks, like
          * associating a statusbar and busy-icon to a background thread
          */

         // initiate animated busy-icons, which are animated when the  
thread is running
         int busyAnimationRate =  
resourceMap.getInteger("StatusBar.busyAnimationRate");
         for (int i = 0; i < busyIcons.length; i++) {
             busyIcons[i] = resourceMap.getIcon("StatusBar.busyIcons["  
+ i + "]");
         }
         // and create a busy-icon-timer
         busyIconTimer = new Timer(busyAnimationRate, new  
ActionListener() {
             @Override
             public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
                 busyIconIndex = (busyIconIndex + 1) % busyIcons.length;
                 statusAnimationLabel.setIcon(busyIcons[busyIconIndex]);
             }
         });

         // initiate the idle icon and make it visible
         idleIcon = resourceMap.getIcon("StatusBar.idleIcon");
         statusAnimationLabel.setIcon(idleIcon);
         progressBar.setVisible(false);

         // connecting action tasks to status bar via TaskMonitor
         TaskMonitor taskMonitor = new  
TaskMonitor
(org
.jdesktop
.application
.Application
.getInstance(zettelkasten.ZettelkastenApp.class).getContext());

         taskMonitor.addPropertyChangeListener(new  
java.beans.PropertyChangeListener() {
             @Override
             public void propertyChange(java.beans.PropertyChangeEvent  
evt) {
                 String propertyName = evt.getPropertyName();
                 // when a background thread starts, start the busy  
icon animation
                 if ("started".equals(propertyName)) {
                     if (!busyIconTimer.isRunning()) {
                         statusAnimationLabel.setIcon(busyIcons[0]);
                         busyIconIndex = 0;
                         busyIconTimer.start();
                     }
                     // and make the progressbar visible
                     progressBar.setVisible(true);
                     progressBar.setIndeterminate(true);
                 // when the thread finished working, stop animation,  
set idle icon
                 // and hide the progress bar
                 } else if ("done".equals(propertyName)) {
                     busyIconTimer.stop();
                     statusAnimationLabel.setIcon(idleIcon);
                     progressBar.setVisible(false);
                     progressBar.setValue(0);
                 // if a progress was indicated during the thread  
using the
                 // "setProgress(value,min,max)" method, we can change  
the state
                 // of the progress bar here.
                 } else if ("progress".equals(propertyName)) {
                     int value = (Integer)(evt.getNewValue());
                     progressBar.setVisible(true);
                     progressBar.setIndeterminate(false);
                     progressBar.setValue(value);
                 }
             }
         });
     }
}


I hope I could help.

Best wishes
Daniel

Am 11.09.2008 um 16:10 schrieb aznan:

> Hi!
>
> I've tried to figure out how to activate/deactivate the spinning  
> circle down next to the progress bar that is created when you make a  
> new swing application. I've studied the MarsRover example but have  
> been unable to find the right solution. I suppose it has something  
> to do with changing some property of something and/or sending some  
> message or other...? :P
>
>
>
> Can you please help me out with this?
>
>
>

--
Daniel Lüdecke
Diplom-Gerontologe

www.danielluedecke.de



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How to activate the busy animation in the status bar?

aznan
In reply to this post by aznan
Wow. That is one humongous answer!



Extremely detailed and thorough. Thank you so much for this! Will try it out right away.




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